“Ayurveda”, is a common term familiar with every household in India. It is practiced inadvertently by almost everyone, most often using some concoctions made by our mothers, and grandmothers for day to day remedies. The warm glass of lemon water with wild honey in the morning or the use of “turmeric” and “neem” to tend to skin problems are all treatments inspired from Ayurveda. Ayurveda is a treasure and its glories have extended world-wide due to its natural healing techniques.
A little History
In recent times, the use of Ayurveda have gained immense popularity. The cosmetic industry and the alternative medicine and healing therapies finds extensive use of Ayurveda. Aacharya Charaka, the founder of medicine; was one of the prime contributors of Ayurveda and the documented text “Charaka Samhita “, is considered as the encyclopedia of Ayurveda.
Traditionally Ayurveda has been used in India for more than over 5000 years and has its roots in the Vedas. The system of knowledge has been passed down over generations orally and through apprenticeship before being documented much later.
Ayurveda translates to ” The Science of Life” in Sanskrit. The primary principle involves proactive management of disorders. Ayurveda focuses on the way of a balanced lifestyle; proper balance of consciousness, thought process, spiritual, mental and physical wellness, by incorporation of natural herbs as a way to maintain good health. The disturbance of the intricate unique individual balances are termed as “Dosas”. Ayurveda equips one with the understanding of the balance and how the effect of Doshas can be minimized according to a persons body constituent.
5 elements of Ayurveda: Panchatatva
In Ayurveda the body is considered to be made of five elements- earth, water, air, fire and ether. Every individual is thought to have a unique characterization of emotional, physical and mental orientation and thus have a different flow of energy. Various external and internal stimuli acts to imbalance the constituents and thus bring disorder and disease. Some primary factors include mental stress, emotional trauma, improper diet and wrong choice of habits in everyday life. The understanding of the interaction of disorder and order occurring continuously throughout life helps one reestablish it.
The Three Basic Energy in Ayurveda
There are three fundamental energy according to the Ayurveda responsible for the metabolic activities of an individual. The three energies present in proportional amount in every individual. However one energy predominantly governing a person. “Vatta”; “Pitta”; and “Kapha” do not have a suitable English terminology and are Sanskrit denotations for the three basic energies in Ayurveda. The three energies are composed of the five elements of the earth in different combinations.
Vatta is the energy responsible for movement in the body; composed of Space and Air. It governs blinking, breathing, pulsating of the heart and the other essential functional movement of the cell and the cellular components. Pitta is the energy responsible for all the metabolic activity of the body and is composed of Fire and water. The important metabolic activity like the digestion, assimilation, absorption are governed by Pitta. Kapha is responsible for maintaining the lubrication of the moisture content of the different constituent of the body parts.
The key difference of Ayurveda lies in the approach of the treatment techniques. The allopathic system generally focuses on the treatment of the symptoms whereas Ayurveda focuses on the prevention of diseases by targeting the root of diseases. Encouraging healthy habit and the use of herbs are normally the base of such treatment. The doctor assesses the patient by observation and pulse measurement and prescribes herbal treatment in a scientific proportion.
Caution must be practiced while using Ayurvedic medicines and should be taken in the prescribed formula ; advised from a certified practioner. Essentially the plant extracts are essentially phytochemicals and could be harmful if the ratio is unsupervised.