Forest conservation is to exercise, of planning and maintaining forest areas for the welfare and unceasing of future generation and efficiency towards the nature.
Forest conservation involves the after care of the natural resources of the forest, that are advantageous for humans and ecosystem. Forests provides wildlife with a suitable surrending for living along with strain groundwater and avert runoff. Forests are indispensable for human life because they provide a sundry range of resources: they stockpile carbon and act as carbon sink, fabricate oxygen which is essential for existant life on earth, so it called as earth lung, help to synchonize hydrological cycle, planetary climate, purify water, provide wild life habitat, it reduct global warming absorb toxic gases and noise, reduce pollution, conserve soil, mitigate natural hazards and so on.
These days, forest cover is exhaust rapidly due to various reasons such as an enlargement of agriculture, timber plantation, other land uses like pulp and paper plantation. Urbanization constitutes the biggest and servere threat to the forest causing wholehearted environmental damage. Thus, there is necessary of public awareness. The forest conservation is play a vital role for maintaining a proper coloance of environment.
The importance of Forest conservation:
Forest crate oxygen: Trees release oxygen when they use vitality from sunlight to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water, like all plants also utilise oxygen when they cleave glucose back down to deliverance of energy to Power their metabolism. Near about 24 hours they produce oxygen and they use up; otherwise the growth will not take place.
They absorb carbon dioxide and they transform it into oxygen. The two mature tree can produce enough oxygen for a family of four years. The trees take six molecules of carbon dioxide to produce molecule of oxygen are emancipation as by-product. If we don’t protect our forest we will destroy our life as we were imperial our own shelter and every living things needs oxygen generated by photosynthesis organisms.
Forest provide food security: As forest play a vital role in dispense food security. They are factual warehouse of biological diversity, and forest’s outcome are the mainstay of household in worldwide. Forest contribute directly to the diets of forest habitant and of many who stay far beyond the woods. Forest fruits, nuts and berries for occurence with urban as well as rural consumers. These are many other forest foods add variety and flavour to diets while dispense are favoured to diets, which provide essential vitamins, minerals, fats, and proteins.
During the period of seasonal food shortages or emergencies- caused such as wars, floods, droughts, forest food also afford vital insurance against malnutrition or famine. Leaves- used for flavouring, mashrooms are the most common forest foods. As, without the forest animal are dying day by day, leaving us with significantly limited options; there are already people in the world grapple with food insecurity because of deforestation.
Forest filter the air and reduce pollution: The forest absorb third of global excretion every year. Particles, odors and pollutants gases such as nitrogen oxides, ammonia and sulfur dioxide resolve on the leaves of the trees also alleviate the greenhouse gas upshot by deceive heat, reduce ground level ozone levels and release life-giving oxygen. As trees not only creates oxygen from carbon dioxide but also it’s for natural filters. Forest conservation play an vital role in reducing air pollution around the world. If we continue with the current of deforestation it will have severe consequence on the quality of fresh air.
Forest provide medicine: There are various medicine plant that have been discovered in the forest ares. Many of them can assist to fight from various diseases. The US National Cancer institute recognised over 3,000 plant that can fight against cancer cell. Over 100 medicine organisation are forage for various medicine plant to destroy cancer cell completely. Throughout history, people belif in medicine plant from the ancient period.
The various types of trees with different medicinal properties such as moringa tree, which shows the antibiotic and antibacterial properties. The amalgam in the original from of tranquilizer come from a tree, while two chemotherapy drugs are based on chemical bring into play from Pacific yew tree. There are various examples of trees which creates or anthuciazum of medicine development.
Forest support biodiversity: Forests are condemnatory habbitats for biodiversity and they also crucial for the provision of a wide range of ecosystem services that are important of human well- being. There is enlarge evidence that biodiversity contributes to forest ecosystem services. Here, we provide a review of forest ecosystem services including biomass production, habitat provisioning services, pollination, seed dispersal, resistance to wind stores, fire regulation and mitigation pest regulation of native and invading insects, carbon sequestration and cultural ecosystem service.
We also contemplate relationship between forest biodiversity and multifunctionality, and trade among ecosystem services. Forests offer ample opportunity for accusation their constitution and diversity because replanting after hervesting is a recurring process. Planting mixed-spices formost should be given more deliberation as they are likely to provide a wider range of ecosystem services within the forest and for adjustment land uses.
As, forest conservation are used to improve the forest areas and to make the available resources should be sustainable and the uses of resources in efficient manner.
Mahatma Gandhi-The father of the nation, the eminent personality during freedom of movement.