Mahatma Gandhi is a remarkable disposition in Indian political scenario during independence of India and aroused as an Indian writer in front of whole world.
Mahatma Gandhi play a vital role in Indian independence. A freedom movement is any arrange of effort within a society to promote, or attain, liberation or independence, based on social, political, economic, religious, or other ideological ground. In ancient times, people from all over the world were keen to come to India. The Persian followed by Iranians and persis, Roam to India. Then came the Moughuls and they too resolve down for good and all in India. Chengis Khan, the Mongolian, conquer, and looted India many times. Alexander also not apart from this came to capture India after the battle with porus.
He-en-Tsang from China come in shadowing of knowledge and to visit antient University of Nalanda and Takshila. Columbus wanted to came to India. Vasco-da-Gama from Portugal came to trade his country’s goods in return from India spices. The French came and established their colonies in India. Lastly, British came to India and ruled nearly 200 years. After the Battle of Pallesy in 1757.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was an anti-colonial nationalist, political ethos, who holding down a job of non-violent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s independence from British rule and inspired for civil rights and freedom accross the world. The national figure during independence that time of independence. Gandhi instruct in law at the Inner Temple, London and was called to the bar at age of 22 in June 1891.
After he became a successful lawyer he moved to South Africa in 1893 to represent an Indian marchent in a lawsuit. After he returned from South Africa to his motherland, he set about organisation peasants, farmers and Urban labours to protest again excessive land-tax and bigotry. He spent most of his time in the profession to devote all his rhythm and vitality to public service.
The valuable skill and efficiency that he gathered from the cource for a large period of time and fight his battle with South Africa and British government for affix political, economic and Social justice for his fellow countrymen. It is too aquire to do legal practice and that a junior barrister learn from senior barrister to gained confidence that after all fail as a lawyer. It is a true secret of success as a lawyer.
Mahatma Gandhi recognised as one of the greatest political and spritual principal observed in India as the father of the nation, he pioneered and practiced the proposition of Satyagraha- resistance to autocracy through mass non-violent civil disobedience while main nationwide campaigns to effortlessness of poverty, expand woman’s rights, build religions and racial harmony and eliminate the inequity of the caste system, Gandhi admirably applied the principal of non-violent civil disobedience, playing a key role in freeing India from Foreign domination.
MK Gandhi was often jailed for his actions, then also he achieve his aim in 1947, when India obtain its independence from British. Due to his loftiness, he is now mentioned to as Mahatma, meaning “great soul”. World civil rights leaders- from Martin Luther King, Jr to Nelson Mandela have credited Gandhi as a source of inventiveness in their struggles achieve equal rights for their people.
On his arrival in India, Gandhi went on a tour of the country. The year-long meeting of the Indian National Congress was being held in Calcutta under the presidentship of Dinshaw Wacha. It was his first contact with Congress which he was to lead so gloriously in the future. The Indian National Congress was the only arrange which gave the people of India a chance to express their ministerial views. It was authotative body as many important Indian were members, but it’s decisions had little effect on the government. At the Calcutta session in 1901 Gandhi had an opportunity to meet Congress leaders like Pherozeshah Mehta, Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and others.
Gandhi was not impressed with the way the Congress was functioning. He observe a lack of unity among the delegates. Moreover, while they spoke English and pretentious the style of westerners in their dress and talk,they did not seem to effort that the essential things like good sanitary facilities in the camp. Gandhi wanted to teach them a lesson on his own he silently started cleaning the bathroom and latrine, no one volunteered to join him. From Calcutta Gandhi travelled round India by train.
As he moved from place to place, he was shocked to see the life of common people the revenous ignorent and neglected massege. His heart was filled with sadness and anger. He settled down in Bombay and started practice as a lawyer. He did well much better then he had anticipated. In December 1902, however a cable reached him from South Africa requesting him to return as swear. Joseph Chamberlain,the colonial secretary was arrived from London on a visit to Natal and the Transvaul, and the Natal Indian Congress wanted to present their to him.
A number of books bears that not written in a book form. They were the collection of speech and article on truth, Swadeshi, ahimsa apart from this his addresses towards woman, princes and students. Gandhi was received as a good writer, he never aimed at a style of his own which mirrored his hopes and faith, he sorrows and disappointments. His manner of writting was simple, clear as devoid of artificialitis as the life of its author. Some English viceroys accepted that he was direct and expressed himself in excellent English with a fine appreciation of the value of words he used.
As he was the most creative, like many creative person of all times,having provided enough substance for the nearly hundred- “Volume collected works of Mahatma Gandhi”, beside countless rough drafts and unprinted materials. In clarification Gandhi’s writely self, I would like to pivot on his two epitome, ‘Hind Swaraj’ and his autobiography, ‘The story of My Experiments with Truth’, Gandhi participation with print culture- journalism, editing, publishing, translating and authoring books- invites one more biography.
His simple prose devoid with honed over the years, mainly through his reading of the Bible and the English authors. As Gandhi explains in foreword, he wrote ‘Hind Swaraj’ because he could not hold back himself after having read and pondered much. He says that the views expressed in the book are not his because they were devise after reading several books and also he assemble the books of different mods of thought, such as ideas of Ploto, Tolstoy, Ruskin, Dadabhai Naroji, Edward Carpenter and many others.
As, Gandhi is an ideal figure for whole country as well as for whole world for his thought of actions and fought against British colonization.
“Sarojini Naidu-Nightangle of India” : The 1st Female, who became the governer of India.